Free Social Work Essays and Papers - 123HelpMe
Beyond individual rights and freedoms: Metaethics in social work research.
AU: Antle-B-J; Regehr-C
SO: Social-Work. 48(1): 135-144, Jan. 2003.
Increasingly, social workers are called on to demonstrate the efficacy of their interventions and to contribute to knowledge building in the social sciences. Although social workers have a long tradition of practice ethics, less attention has been given to the unique dimensions of research ethics for social workers. A social work model of research ethics would consider how to balance highly valued ethical principles that are individually focused, such as self-determination and nonmalfeasance (the obligation to do no harm), with equally important values that have a collective focus, such as justice and beneficence (the obligation to bring about good). This article reviews current principles guiding research ethics, such as autonomy, beneficence, nonmalfeasance, and justice and provides an outline of the salient issues for social workers as they strive to address individual and collective interests in research endeavors, such as a greater emphasis on the social justice mission and the need to ensure that social justice objectives do not obscure individual rights and freedoms. The article concludes with preliminary recommendations for developing a social work perspective in research ethics. (Journal abstract.)
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Developing a social work research agenda on ethics in health care.
AU: Jansson-B-S; Dodd-S-J
SO: Health-and-Social-Work. 23(1): 17-23, Feb. 1998.
This study advocates greater empirical research on ethics in health care by social work researchers. Although an extensive theoretical literature exists, scant empirical research has been conducted on ethical issues by social work researchers since 1980, compared with physicians and other health care researchers. A theoretical framework is presented as a heuristic device to stimulate research on a range or topics, including the content and nature of ethical deliberations, contextual factors, and ethical outcomes. By demonstrating empirically that their interventions improve ethical outcomes, social work researchers can provide ammunition to support social work’s role in ethical deliberations in health care settings. (Journal abstract.)
The power of silence: Ethical dilemmas of informed consent in practice evaluation. AU: Millstein-K-H; Dare-Winters-K; Sullivan-S
SO: Clinical-Social-Work-Journal. 22(3): 317, Fall 1994.
The concepts of minimal risk and informed consent when practitioners use their own case material for practice evaluation and single subject research are examined. Two student research projects conducted as requirements of a second year masters seminar in practice evaluation are used to identify specific ethical dilemmas and practice research implications. (Journal Abstract.)
Social worker essays. Good essay starter
One hint that begins to shed light on Weber's view on the fact-value question is a characteristic that recurs in several of Weber's essays and speeches: Weber announces, often at the beginning of a speech or essay, the standpoint from which he plans to evaluate a given situation or set of facts. Likewise, if he changes his focus during a presentation, he often declares the new standpoint. In his opening remarks of "The Nation State and Economic Policy," one of Weber's early speeches, he sets a precedent for this pattern while unveiling a justification for his perspective. The "inaugural lecture is an opportunity," Weber says, "to present and justify openly the personal and, in this sense, `subjective' standpoint from which one judges economic phenomena," revealing that he maintained that even the examination of such seemingly hard data as economic facts were subject to the influence of a perspective determined by values. When Weber shifts course later in the speech to prescribing what should be done to deal with the problems on Germany's eastern frontier, he discloses his new perspective: "the standpoint of the German people." The solution would obviously be quite different if it were made, say, from the standpoint of the Polish workers. Similarly, in one of his later lectures, "The Profession and Vocation of Politics," Weber tells his audience near the beginning of his remarks that he will expose "the political deficiency of this system ... from the standpoint of success."
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A code of conduct is a hallmark of a profession. It prescribes behavior of professionals in serving and protecting clientele, colleagues, and the society at large. The Code of Ethics for the social work profession has been developed through its major professional association, the National Association of Social Workers (NASW). Evolving from the first Code (1960) that was a one-page statement of 15 principles to the current Code of 27 pages, NASW has historically defined and refined its Code of Ethics in light of emergent practices and research findings, and through analysis of ethical dilemmas that reached the adjudication sanction processes. The Code is developed by a team of experts and ratified by both the Association’s Delegate Assembly and Board of Directors. Licensing bodies in most states require continuing education in ethics to assure that those licensed not only adhere to defined practice standards, but to ethical conduct as well. Many states specifically reference the NASW Code of Ethics as the ethical standard that must be adhered to by licensees.
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This research Web page presents an overview of social work research related to the profession’s ethical standards and values. Included is an extensive set of examples of publications that provide an overview of: