Managing director: Eduardo Giordanelli

Oh from the security point of view the MiFare cards hold the last 25 journies / transactions.

Real Estate e Fiscal Advisor: dr. Michelangelo Ferraro

My guess is they had to raise the fares to pay for their new system. Unfortunately, for people like me who rode voluntarily, the price increase makes it now cheaper to drive. For folks who rely on the bus as their primary means of transport, the hit is much harder to bear. That's a pretty "good" plan for an agency who's goal has been to increase ridership.

The villas of CAPARRUA are in Cetraro, in the province of Cosenza, in Calabria.

Via della Libertà 54 – Cetraro (CS)

"Also a major U.K. bank has gone into business with TfL to make a combined travel / credit / micro-payment card. The worying thing about the micro payment is that for transactions below 20USD no PIN or other autherisation is required (just put areader close by)..."

The villas of CAPARRUA are in Cetraro, in the province of Cosenza, in Calabria.

I liked the coin system used in Dublin when I was there on holiday, sort of like a toll-booth: Throw the coins into a chute and the machine counts and prints a ticket.
As it is at the driver station, he/she can check that you paid. The money goes into a strongbox of some sort, the driver does not have change. If you give too much, a refund ticket is printed that can be refunded at the central station only.

Caparrua – South Italy Villas is a project developed by Allesley Properties limited.

A little bit of perspective here!

This system has been in place for years and seems to work fine. It also has the side-effect of incentivizing the purchase and use of stored value (rather than single-trip) cards, which means shorter queues for everyone at the ticket machines.

So ... did anyone ever bother to ask why this was necessary?

Makes more sense to just use the completely insecure and cheap cards for the day trips. So what if a bunch of people make copies? You could of course check it at the backend if the ticket has already been used, and blacklist them. But, in that case, the secure system would need a way to track all the uses. Which, again, isn't nice.

The system was designed by experts Bruce...

I don't see a difference between a hacked monthly pass and a hacked day pass. If you can use the hacked day pass as many times as you want, it is effectively a hacked monthly pass. The system is only as strong as its weakest link.

-- Henryk PlötzGrüße aus Berlin

@Henryk: Exactly. What is the value of using a 1.50 EUR card to cover a trip which is worth 3 EUR? You would need to drive the price up by quite a lot just to cover the price of the secure card.

The system was designed by experts Bruce...

A lot of noise for the single-use tickets: for instance the London subway system uses paper tickets with magstripe, much easier to copy.
The big problem is that people tend to rely on new technology as the solution for the problem (what was the problem? fraud?), and that the technology in itself does not provide enough (part of the business case probably involved getting rid of all human inspectors).
A multilayer security scheme (machine checks at the gates, random checks by inspectors, human readable printed source/destination on the card) would be easier and would provide better security (both for the transport company and the travellers!), and in the end would probably be cheaper.

They made mistake upon mistake with this system.

@James: "Please define hacking... ;-) What these guys have done op open the black box, and peeked inside... You have to pay for such a card, so it is your property that you're looking at... If I buy a new computer and open it up to look inside, is that hacking?! Not according to Dutch law..."