Jacobs has argued this point (190-210).

 Using Modern Language Association (MLA) Format. PurdueUniversity. 1 January 1999

Alphabetical List of North American Slave Narratives

It is important to keep in mind, however, that these two "arguments"...are really two faces of a single argument, an argument defining democracy, in part, as that form of government which recognizes the necessity of certain luxuries. (Bogel 172)

Crews, Frederick, and Schor, The Borzoi Handbook for Writers. New York: Alfred Kopf, inc., 1989.

Here is an overview of the process:


We've updated all our links! Following the existing EPC structure, to locate resources, use the top tabs (e.g. & , etc.), fill in the custom search bar at the foot of this page or, for a known URL, substitute

If the author's name is included in the text of the sentence where the citation takes place

The current MLA guidelines teach you a widely applicable skill. Once you become familiar with the core elements that should be included in each entry in the Works Cited list, you will be able to create documentation for any type of source. While the handbook still includes helpful examples that you may use as guidelines, you will not need to consult it every time you need to figure out how to cite a source you’ve never used before. If you include the core elements, in the proper order, using consistent punctuation, you will be fully equipped to create a list of works cited on your own.

See the  for information on citing exactly one selection from an anthology.


A song or piece of music on an album should be in quotation marks:

Alonso, Alvaro, and Julio A. Camargo. "Toxicity of Nitrite to Three Species of Freshwater Invertebrates." Environmental Toxicology, vol. 21, no. 1, 3 Feb. 2006, pp. 90-94. Wiley Online Library,

Used in English and other Humanities courses

Robbins, Michael. "Paul Muldoon's Covert Operations." Modern Philology, vol. 109, no. 2, 2011, pp. 266-99. JSTOR, doi:10.1086/663233.

Chopin, Kate. “The Storm.” Kennedy and Gioia 127-31.

Robbins, Michael. "Paul Muldoon's Covert Operations." Modern Philology, vol. 109, no. 2, 2011, pp. 266-99. JSTOR, doi:10.1086/663233.

Mason, Bobbie Ann. “Shiloh.” Kennedy and Gioia 643-54.

Our experience was seamless and effortless. Everyone we talked to with EA was extremely knowledgeable eager to assist with all aspects of our trip. What a pleasure.
-Owners at The Villas at Seven Canyons

The Bible. Print. King James Version.

The in-text citation is a brief reference within your text that indicates the source you consulted. It should properly attribute any ideas, paraphrases, or direct quotations to your source, and should direct readers to the entry in the list of works cited. For the most part, an in-text citation is the author’s name and page number (or just the page number, if the author is named in the sentence) in parentheses:

New American Standard Bible. Anaheim: Foundation, 1997.

A DOI, or digital object identifier, is a series of digits and letters that leads to the location of an online source. Articles in journals are often assigned DOIs to ensure that the source is locatable, even if the URL changes. If your source is listed with a DOI, use that instead of a URL.