Do restrictive abortion policies reduce the rate of unsafe abortions?
4) Although some people seem to feel a bond with their children at birth(or with a mother, perhaps even during pregnancy), some people requirea longer period of time of interaction and (gratifying or successful) rearingof the child before a bond develops and strengthens.
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If the day comes about when very young embryos can be transplanted ormaintained by machine until maturity, then I think women who it is clearwere negligent or irresponsible in conceiving a child should be allowedto have the embryo removed from their own womb if they do not wish to carryit or give birth to it, but should not have the right to have its lifeterminated if there is proper care available and someone reasonably suitableavailable who wants to rear the child. In cases like this, involving potentialfuture technology, a woman who irresponsibly conceives children she doesnot want but that other suitable potential parents might, seems to me tobe in the exactly analogous position of a man today who irresponsiblycauses a girl to become pregnant, a girl who decides she would like tohave the baby. Barring any legitimate argument to the contrary, it seemshe forfeits any right he might have had to have the fetus terminated byhis unconcern about its being created in the first place.
And we feel that, because of the impact on the woman, this … is a matter which is of such fundamental and basic concern to the woman involved that she should be allowed to make the choice as to whether to continue or to terminate her pregnancy.
And the philosopher Judith Jarvis Thomson wrote:
A pregnancy to a woman is perhaps one of the most determinative aspects of her life. It disrupts her body. It disrupts her education. It disrupts her employment. And it often disrupts her entire family life.
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I am simply interested in this paper in the moral arguments about abortionwithout regard to whether they might also support some particular Scripturalinterpretations or not. This paper will deal, not with unsubstantiatedand unargued, non-reasoned claims for ethical principles based on authority,but with evidence that is given either for abortions in certain cases oragainst them in others, evidence that is meant to be logical and also compassionateand understanding. Such a method is not infallible, but the mistakes itengenders are at least correctable by use of the method itself. Logic isalways open to other logical rebuttal; and compassion is always open tocompassion that encompasses more correct understanding. The nature of arational, intelligent, compassionate ethical discussion gives the hopethat if error of either sort is made, it can be discovered and correctedby further thought, understanding of experience, and discussion. Presentpolitical and judicial rhetoric and decisions do not give me that hope.I am also not given that hope by some seemingly entrenched, unreflective,and irrationally dogmatic religious views or by some of the equally unreflectiveand irrationally dogmatic supposedly "liberal" or "modern" views. Neitherthe total "pro-life" nor the total "pro-choice" side seems to me to havea monopoly on the right or even on being reasonable on this issue. In thispaper I also wish to point out the lack of merit, and sometimes even thetotal lack of relevance, of some of the more politically popular or well-publicizedarguments on both sides of the abortion issue. I think there are betterand more relevant considerations that can shed more light on the subject.
This can completely affect the way women�s rights are perceived.
There are a number of cases I wish to consider in terms of the rightnessor wrongness of abortion. These are (1) conception due to rape, (2) unwantedfetus or embryo conceived by non-negligent accident, (3) unwanted fetusor embryo conceived by negligent accident, (4) fetus or embryo whose birthendangers the life of the pregnant woman, and (5) fetus or embryo thatis likely to be born to a life of very low quality because of either (a)severe physical and/or mental birth defects or (b) some reason other thansuch defects, for example, malnutrition and likely starvation in a drought-stricken,impoverished country.