Essays on Sex Equality book by John Stuart Mill
One cannot properly appreciate the development of Mill's moral andpolitical philosophy without some understanding of his intellectualbackground. Mill was raised in the tradition of PhilosophicalRadicalism, made famous by Jeremy Bentham (1748–1832), JohnAustin (1790–1859), and his father James Mill (1773–1836),which applied utilitarian principles in a self-conscious and systematicway to issues of institutional design and social reform. Utilitarianismassesses actions and institutions in terms of their effects on humanhappiness and enjoins us to perform actions and design institutions sothat they promote—in one formulation, maximize—humanhappiness. Utilitarianism was a progressive doctrine historically,principally because of its universal scope—itsinsistence that everyone's happiness matters—and itsegalitarian conception of impartiality—its insistencethat everyone's happiness matters equally. Because of these generalcharacteristics of utilitarianism, the Radicals' application ofutilitarian principles to social institutions tended to challengetraditional institutions of class and privilege and support egalitarianreforms.
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Description :This volume brings together for the first time all the writings of John Stuart Mill and Harriet Taylor Mill on equality between the sexes, including John Stuart Mill's The Subjection of Women, a class...
John Stuart Mill (1806–1873) was the most famous andinfluential British philosopher of the nineteenth century. He was oneof the last systematic philosophers, making significant contributionsin logic, metaphysics, epistemology, ethics, political philosophy, andsocial theory. He was also an important public figure, articulating theliberal platform, pressing for various liberal reforms, and serving inParliament. During Mill's lifetime, he was most widely admired for hiswork in theoretical philosophy and political economy. However, nowadaysMill's greatest philosophical influence is in moral and politicalphilosophy, especially his articulation and defense of utilitarianismand liberalism (Nicholson 1998). This entry will examine Mill'scontributions to the utilitarian and liberal traditions. We willconcentrate on his two most popular and best known works,Utilitarianism (1861, cited as U) and OnLiberty (1859, cited as OL), drawing on other texts whenthis sheds light on his utilitarian and liberal principles. We willconclude by looking at how Mill applies these principles to issues ofpolitical and sexual equality in Considerations on RepresentativeGovernment (1859, cited as CRG), Principles ofPolitical Economy (1848, cited as PPE), and TheSubjection of Women (1869, cited as SW).
John Stuart Mill Education Essays ..
People go to any means by which to obtain the many varied materials and issues that induce pleasures in each individual, and intrinsically, this emotion remains the ultimate goal, John Stuart Mill, a nineteenth century philosopher, correctly advocated the pursuit of happiness, and maintained the concept that above all other values, pleasure existed as the final destination, Mill's hedonistic views correctly and rationally identified a natural human tendency, and his Utilitarian arguments strongly support the theory that above all else, happiness is the most important dream to be fulfilled....
1971); and Harriet Taylor Mill, Essays on Sex Equality, ed
In his book Utilitarianism, John Stuart Mill offers a defining of utility as pleasure or the absence of pain in addition to the Utility Principle, where “Actions are right in proportion as they tend to promote happiness; wrong as they tend to...
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Mill considers and replies to various actual and possible defensesof sexual inequality. In most cases, the apologist for inequalityalleges that women are naturally inferior in relation to men along somedimension that is alleged to be relevant to the proper management ofpersonal and public affairs. For the most part, the apologist claimsthat men possess some trait essential for normative competence thatwomen lack—these might be represented as alleged femaledeficits—or that women possess some trait that men lackthat threatens normative competence—these might be represented asalleged female disqualifiers. In either case, the apologistargues, it turns out that women are naturally inferior and so do notdeserve equal treatment.
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Florence Nightingale wrote about such a society in her piece, Cassandra, and John Stuart Mill wrote further on the subject in his essay The Subjection of Women.