Jacobs has argued this point (190-210).

If the author's name is included in the text of the sentence where the citation takes place

Martin, Jonathan A., and Christopher Jackson.

In addition to the author, there may be other contributors to the source who should be credited, such as editors, illustrators, translators, etc. If their contributions are relevant to your research, or necessary to identify the source, include their names in your documentation.

Here is an overview of the process:

(Modern Language Association 111)

Titles of books, periodicals, art works, reports and Web sites are italicized. Please check the appropriate sample citation on this page to make sure you are using italics correctly.

Culture and Imperialism. Knopf, 1994.

The following overview should help you better understand how to cite sources using MLA eighth edition, including the list of works cited and in-text citations.

Henley, Patricia. . MacMurray, 1999.


The copyright date is usually given on the back of the title page.

“94 Meetings.” created by Greg Daniels and Michael Schur, performance by Amy Poehler, season 2, episode 21, Deedle-Dee Productions and Universal Media Studios, 2010.

Please if you notice any issues.

*The eighth edition handbook recommends including URLs when citing online sources. For more information, see the “Optional Elements” section below.

Journal volume and issue number available

Volume and issue numbers are often not available for articles in online periodicals. In these cases simply follow the date of the magazine or journal with a period in your works cited list citation, omitting the volume number where necessary.

Child and Family Behavior Therapy, vol. 26, no.1, 2004, pp. 88-96.



The standard elements of a book citation typically include the following: Calvin Students: For more help on citing your item in this format, contact a

Notice: As of the 7th edition of the MLA Handbook, including URLs is generally not recommended.

Online periodical where volume and issue numbers are not given

Undated Sources: When the source you are citing has no publication date, simply omit that part of the citation. Do not write "No date" or "N.d.".

Journal of Family Counseling, 2004.

In some cases, a container might be within a larger container. You might have read a book of short stories on Google Books, or watched a television series on Netflix. You might have found the electronic version of a journal on JSTOR. It is important to cite these containers within containers so that your readers can find the exact source that you used.

Try the fantastic resources available at .

Scenario: You read an article by Robbins that cites, on page 270, another article by Wills. You want to cite Will's article, but you have not read Wills's article itself.