Philosophy essay on metaphysics

Philosophy essay on metaphysics

Philosophy Essay On Metaphysics - A Womans Perspective

This is confirmed by Protagoras' answer when he was specifically asked about the gods, that it was a difficult subject, life was short, and Protagoras therefore had nothing to say.

began with the  , , the "natural philosophers" (in Latin, ).

But eventually there was a reaction in Greek philosophy.

Equally foolish and unrealistic is the injunction stated here by Jesus:

Matthew 19:21 -- Jesus said unto him, If thou wilt be perfect, go sell that thou hast, and give to the poor, and thou shalt have treasure in heaven: and come follow me.

The reaction can be characterized as Greek Humanism.

I suspect that its significance in relation to the transcendent, to absolute reality, is incomprehensible -- as we see in metaphysics, let alone , that a coherent theory of transcendent objects is impossible.

"Humanism" now is often defined, or at least leaves the impression, as the exclusion of religion.


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The perspectives contained on this site are derived from presuppositional analysis (in line with the heritage of Abraham Kuyper). In particular, I am relying on the teaching and writings of Dr. Glenn R. Martin (1935-2004), long time professor of history and social sciences at Indiana Wesleyan University. His seminal paper provides a summary of this approach to knowledge, reality, and life. is a shorter exposition.

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A , , is simply one who knows something, or the "master of one's craft or art," an "adept." What the Sophists actually were, however, was traveling paid teachers.

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Some Sophists advertised themselves, as we hear with Hippias of Elis, who is supposed to have showed up at the saying that he could teach anyone how to make anything he was .

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In general, however, the Sophists, especially the most important ones, like of Abdera or Gorgias of Leontini, claimed to teach something in particular, namely virtue.

What this is going to mean is not at first obvious.

The general meaning of the Latin term has also been criticized as merely meaning "manly," from Latin , whose equivalent in Greek would an , "manliness" or "courage." However, the Greek term for virtue, , derives from , the god of war -- an association not just of manliness but of violence.

It must be the excellence of being human.

Nevertheless, is often used just to mean "excellence." If we wonder what kind of "excellence" the Sophists were teaching, we need merely remember their humanism.