Please if you notice any issues.

Further examples and explanations are available in Section 6.03 of the .

With author's name and screen name

Direct quotations allow you to acknowledge a source within your text by providing a reference to exactly where in that source you found the information. The reader can then follow up on the complete reference in the Reference List page at the end of your paper.

Postman, N. (1979). Teaching as a conserving activity. New York, NY: Delacorte Press.

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Your essay should be typed and double-spaced on standard-sized paper (8.5" x 11"), with 1" margins on all sides. You should use a clear font that is highly readable. APA recommends using 12 pt. Times New Roman font.

McLuhan, M. (1970a). Culture is our business. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill.

The page numbers always appear in brackets, after the abbreviation ‘p.’. If they are in the same brackets as the year, there should be a comma between the two.

McLuhan, M. (1970b). From cliché to archetype. New York, NY: Viking Press.


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The title page should contain the title of the paper, the author's name, and the institutional affiliation. Include the page header (described above) flush left with the page number flush right at the top of the page. Please note that on the title page, your page header/running head should look like this:

APA Outline Format Examples - YourDictionary

Your essay should include four major sections: the Title Page, Abstract, Main Body, and References.

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Include a page header (also known as the "running head") at the top of every page. To create a page header/running head, insert page numbers flush right. Then type "TITLE OF YOUR PAPER" in the header flush left using all capital letters. The running head is a shortened version of your paper's title and cannot exceed 50 characters including spacing and punctuation.

Only choose this type if there is no more specific description. .

Contributors: Joshua M. Paiz, Elizabeth Angeli, Jodi Wagner, Elena Lawrick, Kristen Moore, Michael Anderson, Lars Soderlund, Allen Brizee, Russell Keck
Last Edited: 2018-02-21 02:26:13

If you are new to referencing, read and first.

APA (American Psychological Association) style is most commonly used to cite sources within the social sciences. This resource, revised according to the 6th edition, second printing of the APA manual, offers examples for the general format of APA research papers, in-text citations, endnotes/footnotes, and the reference page. For more information, please consult the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, (6th ed., 2nd printing).

The earlier (5th) edition of APA also includes retrieval dates. See .

Summary: APA (American Psychological Association) style is most commonly used to cite sources within the social sciences. This resource, revised according to the 6th edition, second printing of the APA manual, offers examples for the general format of APA research papers, in-text citations, endnotes/footnotes, and the reference page. For more information, please consult the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, (6th ed., 2nd printing).